Kwater Maurice (Moïse)


Kwater Maurice was born in 1926 in Pulawy in Poland, in a working class family. His father, a shoemaker, is one of the founders of the great Jewish library in the city. He made a lot of effort so that his children were grown, and interested in the problems of social life ... One of his sons was elected alderman of Pulawy, as a candidate for the unity of all people ... Moses is the youngest of family and, since childhood, he revealed his intelligence and a taste for the study, as his father's wished, but the material conditions of family life required Moses to interrupt his studies. He began working in the shoe craft. Soon after, a strike broke out in the factory and he was sacked because of his activity in taking part in this event ... In 1931, Moses Kwater came to Belgium. He worked as a laborer in the metallurgical plants. Despite the difficult living conditions, he continued his work as a militant. He spent a lot of time especially in cultural activity among the Jewish workers in Brussels. Persecuted by the Belgian police, he came to France where he learned the craft of sewing in the women's clothing. Union activist, without right to work he lived in misery. Very brave, he continued though with great dedication his activity in the union ... In 1939, he enlisted as a volunteer in the French army and participated in the fighting on the front. Prisoner of war, he escaped and returned to Paris in 1940. In August 1941, he was arrested with many other Jews in the 11th arrondissement, in retaliation for the execution of two German officers by the resistance. He was sent to Drancy where he continued his activity among the internees. His attitude was respected by all. In early 1942 Moses wrote a clandestine letter to his wife Paulette:  "Serious events are in preparation. The Nazis take not only men but also women. I urge you to pass in the southern zone ... “His Wife Paulette answered: “I told him that I couldn’t leave Paris because I was active in the resistance. I received another letter from him, where he declared binge happy that I chose this right and dangerous path. "  After ten months of internment in Drancy, Kwater Moses was deported to Auschwitz and murdered soon after.
Paulette was deported, with seventy activists in July 1943. She survived the camps.